What is a Timing Belt?

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Timing Belt:

A timing belt, timing chain, or cambelt is a part of an internal combustion engine. It synchronizes the rotation of the crankshaft and also the camshaft(s). So that the engine’s valves open and shut at the right times during each cylinder’s intake and exhaust strokes. In an interference engine, the timing belt or chain is additionally critical to preventing the piston from striking the valves. A timing belt is sometimes a toothed belt—a drive belt with teeth on the surface. A timing chain is a roller chain.

Many modern production automobile engines use a timing belt to synchronize crankshaft and camshaft rotation; some engines, particularly cam in block designs, used gears to drive the camshaft, but this was rare for OHC designs. The employment of a timing belt or chain rather than a gear drive enables engine designers to put the camshaft(s) farther from the crankshaft, and in engines, with multiple camshafts, a timing belt or chain also enables the camshafts to be placed farther from one another. Timing chains were common on production automobiles through the 1970s and 1980s when timing belts became the norm, but timing chains have seen a resurgence in recent years. Timing chains are generally more durable than timing belts—though neither is as durable as gear drive—however, timing belts are lighter, more cost-effective, and operate more quietly.

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