What are the types of Sunroofs?

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Sunroof Types:

Roof systems are available in many shapes, sizes, and styles, and are known by many names. the most types are as follows:


Pop-up sunroofs:

Are simply operated by hand tilting panels. These panels are usually removable, and like T-roofs, must be stored when removed. The tilting action provides a vent within the roof, or a full opening when the panel is removed. Pop-ups are installed in most vehicles and are relatively inexpensive.


Spoiler sunroofs (tilt-&-slides):

Combine the features of a pop-up with those of a sliding roof system. They tilt to vent and slide open above the roof, requiring little headroom or roof length. Spoilers typically don’t provide as large a gap as other roof systems but offer the convenience of a self-storing panel. Most spoiler roofs are electric, with optional features like integrated shades and express open/close. Spoilers are ideal for short-roof vehicles where other varieties of sliders can’t be installed.


Inbuilt sunroof systems:

Have a panel that slides between the metal roof and interior headliner, requiring some loss of headroom but providing a full opening within the roof. All inbuilt slide inside the roof, while some also include a rear venting feature (see pop-up), and/or express open/close functions. Inbuilt don’t fit every vehicle, because the panel must slide and store completely within the vehicle roof. Historically, inbuilt were a metal sunroof panel painted to match the vehicle roof, but now most are glass-panel systems with sliding sunshades (typically noted as moonroofs).


Folding sunroofs (often called rag-tops or Cabrio coach):

They provide the convenience of a sunroof, with a gap more sort of a convertible. The panel is formed of a material (often vinyl), which folds back because it slides open. After an extended absence in Markets, folding sunroofs have experienced a resurgence with several new factory-installed options. Aftermarket versions were once only manual but now are available in powered versions.


Top-mount sliding sunroofs (rail mount top slider):

They are a preferred factory option in Europe for several years. An outsized glass panel slides open in tracks on top of the roof, with no loss of headroom. Most feature an integral wind deflector to eliminate wind noise.


Panoramic roof systems:

It is a kind of huge or multi-panel moonroof that provides openings above both the front and rear seats and should be operable or fixed glass panels. Large operable openings are often accomplished with top-slider (tracks within the top of the roof) or spoiler type mechanisms.


Removable roof panels (t-tops or Targa roofs):

Open a vehicle roof to the side windows, providing a wider opening than other roof systems. The Targa body style is identical in configuration to the Sedanca but is intended for owner-driven instead of chauffeured cars and while a Sedanca style implies a rear passenger area, the Targa doesn’t. T-roofs have two removable panels and leave a T-shaped structural brace within the roof center. Targa roofs include only 1 (opaque or transparent) panel and leave no cross brace. Aftermarket kits aren’t any longer made, but several companies sell replacement and remanufactured panels, parts, and accessories.


Solar sunroofs:

They are made from glass, with an inlaid photovoltaic solar battery that produces the glass opaque. They operate identical to conventional factory-fitted glass moonroofs (tilting and retracting), but when closed the solar battery provides electricity to power the inside ventilation fans, for cooling the car interior on hot days when the car is standing outside within the sunlight.


Electric vs electronic Motorized power roof systems:

It is also operated by an easy push-and-hold switch or may include an electronic control module (ECM) to produce a single-touch express opening, express closing, and/or auto-closing on ignition off.



It is a transparent, usually glass or plexiglass, sunroof that lets light in while closed. A hard and fast moonroof exclusively for rear-seat passengers was a prominent feature of the Aston Martin Lagonda from series 2, to 4 which was launched in 1976.

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