How does Car AC work?

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How does Car AC work?

  • The whole working starts with the Compressor. It compresses or pressurizes the refrigerant and converts it into the liquid from its gaseous state.
  • The compressed liquid refrigerant has got to meet up with certain tubes located within the condenser. Here, the fresh air from outside comes within contact with liquid refrigerant. The condenser contains a high-temperature liquid and that’s why there’s a temperature incline between liquid and fresh air. Later, the warmth moves from the liquid and blend with air.
  • Then, the refrigerant moves into the receiver drier or accumulator. The desiccant removes the moisture from the air and refrigerant that ends up in the creation of a cooler refrigerant while maintaining the system.
  • The refrigerant, which is already within the cool liquid state, flows into the expansion valve or orifice tube. This process reduces overall fluid pressure and allows it to maneuver to the evaporator (another component of AC).
  • The converted refrigerant will then move to the evaporator. The air from the car is drawn into the evaporator and go inside the evaporator core. Till now, the refrigerant temperature is cooler and it can convert the surface heat into cold air.
  • Fans near the passenger seat help in blowing the cold air through vents and make the car’s temperature cool. This process also removes moisture from the air and allows you to enjoy the fresh and dry air. (During this process, the gathering and draining of the condensate also take place). because the liquid refrigerant within the AC system becomes hotter after working, it again turns into a gaseous state.
  • This hot and low-pressure gaseous refrigerant again circulates and goes back to the compressor. this can be how the new cycle takes place and you get the cool, dry, and fresh air.

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