AWD vs 4WD, Are they same?

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AWD vs 4WD:

All-wheel drive and four-wheel drive — they sound just like the same thing, right?

The primary objective of both systems is to boost a car’s traction, helping it accelerate in inclement conditions like rain or snow. A misconception, however, is that they’re going to make your car safer in adverse weather. While having AWD or 4WD can aid your vehicle in snow, the motive force input and tires of your car will make more of a difference. All-wheel and four-wheel drivetrains don’t necessarily assist with braking, either, but they will somewhat improve the handling of your car.

 

All-Wheel Drive  Facts:

When considering purchasing an AWD vehicle, it’s imperative to understand that it’s a front, rear, and central differential. AWD distributes power to all or any four wheels of your car, allowing standard cars to travel over rough terrain. It also adds weight to your car and generates friction between your tires and therefore the road. All-wheel-drive systems are often found in cars and crossovers, but they’re not as strong as a 4WD vehicle.

In an AWD system, the torque is on most of the time while it’s split between the front and rear axles on the middle differential. With split torque, all four wheels receive power all the time, except not in equal amounts. Some systems may send more power to the front or back, while others may adjust power by reacting to the feedback from the driving force and road. The advantage of an all-wheel-drive vehicle is that you just never should engage the system yourself.

 

Four-Wheel Drive Facts:

Four-wheel drive vehicles have two differentials and a transfer case, therefore the system can provide power to all or any four wheels of your car. Compared to AWD cars, however, 4WD units are only activated after you manually activate the system. Once you enable the four-wheel-drive system, power is split between the front and rear axles. As a result, the torque evenly applies to every wheel. You’ll find most systems on off-road vehicles like Jeeps and trucks that drive on all terrains

It’s a positive aspect of a four-wheel-drive system — the flexibility to show it to 2WD to enhance your fuel economy. For instance, while you’re driving on the highway, you’ll operate in 2WD, and after you are off-roading through the mountains, you’ll be able to employ 4WD as needed. Most 4WD vehicles have locking differentials, too, which facilitate your traverse rocks and slippery terrain. The also drivetrain provides more pulling power because it grips surfaces using all four tires.

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